Most scientists have agreed upon one thing that the olive tree origin place is Middle East. Its cultivation in Egypt goes back to the pharaoh’s era (1800 B.C), Olives have been considered as one of the most important fruits since pharaohs days who took from the olive tree branch a symbol for peace. It is cultivated in most governorates individually or with other crops.
The best area for olive tree cultivation is the Mediterranean basin area which has rainy winter and dry hot summer. Olive trees don’t bear fruits commercially unless exposed to a sufficient amount of coldness at winter to push trees towards bolting. Olive trees cultivation succeeds in lands that contain a high percentage of calcium carbonate and this feature is found in Egyptian lands.
Egypt has been familiar with olive production, and recently Egypt got ranked the third between the top olive producing countries worldwide after EU and Argentina, By the following production (Year 2013).
Egypt tops the world’s countries in production of table olives with more than 18% of world production in 2017
Egypt has plans to plant about 100 million olive trees by 2020 as part of the country’s project of the cultivation of the 1.5 million feddans, the minister added.